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  • Chem Sci Trans., 2018, 7(3),  pp 464-476  

    DOI:10.7598/cst2018.1507

    Research Article

    Effect of Dopant Concentration on Structural, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Zn1-xNixO Nanocomposites

  • DHARM VEER1, RAMMEHARSINGH1 and HARISH KUMAR2*
  • 1Department of Physics, Ch. Devi Lal University, Sirsa (Haryana) -125 055, India
    2Department of Chemistry, Ch. Devi Lal University, Sirsa (Haryana) -125 055, India
  • Abstract

    Zn1-xNixO (x=0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6) nanocomposites were synthesized by co-precipitation method and further annealed at 400 oC. Characterization of nanocomposites was carried out by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infra-red spectrometer (FTIR), UV-Visible spectroscopic, vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) techniques. The structural study confirms that nickel (II) ions replace Zn2+ ions in the ZnO lattice without changing its Wurtzite structure and secondary phase (NiO) was observed with the increase in nickel concentration (x≥0.4). The presence of various functional groups and M-M and M-O chemical bonding were confirmed by FTIR. The optical properties of ZnO nanocrystallities with Ni-doping was investigated by UV-Vis absorption spectra which indicates red shift in the absorption band on Ni- doping. The morphology and structural information were obtained by the TEM images which shows hexagonal nanoparticles with average particle size of 15-50 nm. The change in magnetic behavior of ZnO nanoparticles with varying Ni2+ doping concentration was investigated by VSM.

    Keywords

    Nanocomposites, Spintronics, Magnetic Semiconductors, Transition metals

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